Polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) is a bifunctional enzyme with a phosphorolytic 3' to 5' exoribonuclease activity and a 3'-terminal oligonucleotide polymerase activity. It is also involved in mRNA processing and degradation in bacteria, plants, and humans.
PNPase, Recombinant (E. coli)
Polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNP) has been used in a study to show that spontaneous mutations resulting from replication errors are reduced in a PNP-deficient strain. It has also been used in a study to show that the absence of PNPase makes E. coli cells sensitive to UV, which suggests PNP has a role in survival of UV damage.
Supplied as a solution in 20 mM Hepes buffer pH 7.9, 0.1 mM EDTA, 2 mM DTT, 12.5 mM MgCl2, 200 mM KCl, 21.4% (w/v) Glycerol
Enzyme Commission Number
One unit will polymerize 1.0 μmole of ADP releasing 1.0 μmole of inorganic phosphate in 15 minutes, at pH 9.1 at 37°C.
PNPase; nucleoside diphosphate:polynucleotidyl transferase; polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase; polynucleotide phosphorylase; polyribonucleotide phosphorylase; EC 184.108.40.206; 9014-12-4