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threonine ammonia-lyase

Cat No.
EXWM-5279
Description
Most enzymes that catalyse this reaction are pyridoxal-phosphate-dependent, although some enzymes contain an iron-sulfur cluster instead. The reaction catalysed by both types of enzymes involves the initial elimination of water to form an enamine intermediate (hence the enzyme's original classification as EC 4.2.1.16, threonine dehydratase), followed by tautomerization to an imine form and hydrolysis of the C-N bond. The latter reaction, which can occur spontaneously, is also be catalysed by EC 3.5.99.10, 2-iminobutanoate/2-iminopropanoate deaminase. The enzymes from a number of sources also act on L-serine, cf. EC 4.3.1.17, L-serine ammonia-lyase.
Form
Liquid or lyophilized powder
Enzyme Commission Number
CAS No.
774231-81-1
Storage
Store it at +4 ºC for short term. For long term storage, store it at -20 ºC~-80 ºC.
Synonyms
threonine deaminase; L-serine dehydratase; serine deaminase; L-threonine dehydratase; threonine dehydrase; L-threonine deaminase; threonine dehydratase; L-threonine hydro-lyase (deaminating); L-threonine ammonia-lyase
Reaction
L-threonine = 2-oxobutanoate + NH3 (overall reaction); (1a) L-threonine = 2-aminobut-2-enoate + H2O; (1b) 2-aminobut-2-enoate = 2-iminobutanoate (spontaneous); (1c) 2-iminobutanoate + H2O = 2-oxobutanoate + NH3 (spontaneous)
Notes
This item requires custom production and lead time is between 5-9 weeks. We can custom produce according to your specifications.
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