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thiamine phosphate synthase

Cat No.
EXWM-2767
Description
The enzyme catalyses the penultimate reaction in thiamine de novo biosynthesis, condensing the pyrimidine and thiazole components. The enzyme is thought to accept the product of EC 2.8.1.10, thiazole synthase, as its substrate. However, it has been shown that in some bacteria, such as Bacillus subtilis, an additional enzyme, thiazole tautomerase (EC 5.3.99.10) converts that compound into its tautomer 2-(2-carboxy-4-methylthiazol-5-yl)ethyl phosphate, and that it is the latter that serves as the substrate for the synthase. In addition to this activity, the enzyme participates in a salvage pathway, acting on 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphono-oxyethyl)thiazole, which is produced from thiamine degradation products. In yeast this activity is found in a bifunctional enzyme (THI6) and in the plant Arabidopsis thaliana the activity is part of a trifunctional enzyme (TH1).
Form
Liquid or lyophilized powder
Enzyme Commission Number
CAS No.
9030-30-2
Storage
Store it at +4 ºC for short term. For long term storage, store it at -20 ºC~-80 ºC.
Synonyms
thiamine phosphate pyrophosphorylase; thiamine monophosphate pyrophosphorylase; TMP-PPase; thiamine-phosphate diphosphorylase; thiE (gene name); TH1 (gene name); THI6 (gene name); 2-methyl-4-amino-5-hydroxymethylpyrimidine-diphosphate:4-methyl-5-(2-phosphoethyl)thiazole 2-methyl-4-aminopyrimidine-5-methenyltransferase
Reaction
(1) 4-amino-2-methyl-5-(diphosphomethyl)pyrimidine + 2-[(2R,5Z)-2-carboxy-4-methylthiazol-5(2H)-ylidene]ethyl phosphate = diphosphate + thiamine phosphate + CO2; (2) 4-amino-2-methyl-5-(diphosphomethyl)pyrimidine + 2-(2-carboxy-4-methylthiazol-5-yl)ethyl phosphate = diphosphate + thiamine phosphate + CO2; (3) 4-amino-2-methyl-5-(diphosphomethyl)pyrimidine + 4-methyl-5-(2-phosphono-oxyethyl)thiazole = diphosphate + thiamine phosphate
Notes
This item requires custom production and lead time is between 5-9 weeks. We can custom produce according to your specifications.
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